PREP TIME: 35min
310g (2 1/2 cups) plain flour
25g (2 tablespoons sugar)*
1 teaspoon salt
225g (1 cup) cold butter, diced
125ml (1/2 cup) cold buttermilk
1. In a medium sized bowl, sift the flour, sugar and salt and whisk to combine.
2. Cut the butter in using a food processor, pastry cutter or rub the butter in with your finger tips until the dough resembles large and small ‘clumps’ of buttered flour.
3. Add the buttermilk and using a fork, bring the dough together (or use your hands). Form the into a ball and cut in half. Flatten each ball with your hands to form a disc shape and wrap in plastic wrap and place in the fridge for at least 30 minutes.
4. The pastry is ready to use for your desired pie recipe!
Notes * If you are making this dough for a savoury pie, just use one tablespoon of sugar ** This pastry freezes really well.
By Sarah Sears
Adapted from Joy The Baker
PRO TIPS, TRICKS & EXTRAS
Do you know the secrets behind making quick and easy pastry dough? If not, then stay tuned!
An easy pie dough recipe that you can use for any type of pie, be it savoury or sweet. It makes two rounds, enough for one base and top of a 9 inch round pie.
3 main steps:
- Dry ingredients are sifted into a bowl
- Cold fat (e.g. butter) is rubbed or cut into the dry ingredients
- Cold liquid is added and the mixture is formed into a ball and refrigerated before using.
Once you know the process, you just need to know a couple of handy tips. Allow these baking secrets to explain a few things about the science of pastry making…
Pastry Dough Baking Secrets:
- The Rubbing In Method is used. This means that the fat coats the flour proteins (glutenin and gliadin) which makes it harder for them to join with water to form gluten. The less gluten, the flakier our pastry will be and the less tough it will be.
- Pastry doesn’t like to be handled. Once you add the liquid in stage 3, you want to handle the dough only enough so that it comes together, no kneading required here! The more we work with the dough, the more gluten we produce, and hence, the more tough and chewy our dough will be.
- Pastry likes to be freezing cold. As with all recipes using the rubbing in method, the wet ingredients must be as cold as possible. Freezing the butter and then grating it is a great way of keeping it cold, as is using a food processor to cut the butter into the flour instead of using our hands (which creates warmth). Why does it need to be cold? (1) When the butter is cold, it is harder to break down in small parts which means you get bigger ‘flakes’ of butter in the dough and it also takes longer for the butter to melt in the oven- this helps the pastry to have more layers of flakiness. (2) The water from the cold butter and liquid evaporates in the oven helping to give lift to the pastry as well as flakiness. The water inside the butter slightly leavens and creates texture within the gluten.
So: avoid mixing the dough too much and ensure everything is super cold for best flaky pastry results.